!- Converted with LaTeX2HTML 0.6.4 (Tues Aug 30 1994) by Nikos Drakos (firstname.lastname@example.org), CBLU, University of Leeds ->
- Standard Generalized Markup
Language (SGML) captures information in a layout independent
- LaTeX, designed by Leslie Lamport, is a
document preparation system based on the TeX typesetting system
developed by Donald Knuth.
- In real life, AsTeR is a
guide-dog, a big friendly black Labrador.
- To most
people, markup means an increase in the price of an article.
Here, ``markup'' is a term from the publishing and printing
business, where it means the instructions for the typesetter,
written on a typescript or manuscript copy by an editor.
Typesetting systems like La)TeX have these commands embedded in
the electronic source. A markup language is a set of means
(constructs) to express how text (i.e., that which is not markup)
should be processed, or handled in other ways.
- This is an Emacs Lisp
command, and in the author's setup, it is bound to C-z d.
- Bound to C-b q.
- ANGE-FTP, an Emacs utility
written by Andy Norman, allows seamless access to remote files. In
addition, Emacs clients are available for networked
information retrieval systems like GOPHER, WWW and
- Macros permit
an author to define new language constructs in TeX and specify
how these constructs should be rendered on paper.
sense in which we use the terms content and attributes does not always conform to the SGML notion of
attributes. Children are analogous to the nested element
types of SGML.
- Though we could model centering
etc. as attributes, this is inconsistent with the
LaTeX model where such attributed paragraphs are more
conveniently treated as new object types.
- TeX does not provide this operator, and
it will have to be defined as a macro. We describe how AsTeR is
extended to handle such macros in s:macro-objects.
- TeX does not itself impose this; one can
always write a macroreverse that displays its arguments in
- We would like to thank the authors for
providing electronic access to the LaTeX source for their book.
It proved an invaluable online Lisp reference while
implementing AsTeR .
- We have also built in the macros dx,
dy, [tex2html_wrap5450] as special cases.
to a new voice causes a slight pause in the speech, so
it is inadvisable to change the speaking voice in the middle of a sentence,
since this ruins the intonation.
- This is because female voices use a different
- We use standard method
combination as defined in CLOS. See a:clos-terminology
for an overview of some of these terms.
- All fleeting speech cues are
verbalized using a slightly softer voice to set them apart
from actual document content.
- In general, these may be curves rather than straight
- This is an
unwritten rule, however, and may be different in some fields, though
we do not know of one.
- This is joint work with Dr. Dennis Arnon of Xerox
- To see this, think of
the fraction written linearly, i.e., [tex2html_wrap5724].
- A memoized function
remembers its results between invocations for efficiency.
- The author has found this feature very useful in
understanding difficult mathematical proofs.
- This is a
simplified rule. This rule also takes care of
rendering the footnote marker before delaying the rendering of the
- Figures are rendered by speaking the figure
- Contrast this with command quit
(bound to q).
- The browser
interface is implemented using Emacs Lisp. Key-strokes execute
EMACS Lisp commands, which in turn send the right forms to the
Lisp system. The browser interface will have to be
re-implemented if Lisp is not being run inside
- A user of AsTeR is free to
re-map these actions to other keys.
terminology for C-u as a prefix to the command.
- See a:accessibility-faq for some frequently asked
questions about accessible documents and our answers.
- See FTP://cc.gatech.edu/multimedia/papers/Mercator
for online papers.
- This thesis was written using IBM
Screen Reader, a screen-reading program, to provide access to the
- PDF (Page
Description Format) is a portable form of exchanging visually
formatted information used by the Adobe Acrobat.
Thu Mar 9 20:10:41 EST 1995