Supervisor: Brian Leiter <>
Announced end of poll: March 31, 2009
Actual time poll closed: Tue Mar 31 19:10:54 2009
This is a public poll.
Actual votes cast: 196
Number of winning choices:
Condorcet completion rule:    (What is this?)
Schulze/Beatpath/CSSD
CIVS Ranked Pairs
MAM
Condorcet-IRV

Poll description

Which academic press publishes the highest quality legal scholarship? Only academic presses that publish a substantial amount of law-related work (and work in more than one field of legal scholarship) are listed.

Result

1. Oxford University Press  (Condorcet winner: wins contests with all other choices)
2. Harvard University Press  loses to Oxford University Press by 108–65
3. Cambridge University Press  loses to Oxford University Press by 123–57, loses to Harvard University Press by 95–82
4. Yale University Press  loses to Oxford University Press by 128–50, loses to Cambridge University Press by 101–71
5. Princeton University Press  loses to Oxford University Press by 145–29, loses to Yale University Press by 97–73
6. University of Chicago Press  loses to Oxford University Press by 143–33, loses to Princeton University Press by 89–73
7. Stanford University Press  loses to Oxford University Press by 162–15, loses to University of Chicago Press by 119–42
8. New York University Press  loses to Oxford University Press by 162–15, loses to Stanford University Press by 83–69
9. University of California Press  loses to Oxford University Press by 164–11, loses to New York University Press by 85–60
10. University of Michigan Press  loses to Oxford University Press by 164–12, loses to University of California Press by 76–67
11. Cornell University Press  loses to Oxford University Press by 165–9, loses to University of Michigan Press by 75–66
12. University of North Carolina Press  loses to Oxford University Press by 164–8, loses to Cornell University Press by 79–59
13. Ashgate Publishing  loses to Oxford University Press by 156–9, loses to University of North Carolina Press by 83–45

For simplicity, some details of the poll result are not shown.  

Result details

  12345678910111213
1. Oxford University Press   -108 123 128 145 143 162 162 164 164 165 164 156
2. Harvard University Press   65 -95 119 128 137 161 157 159 157 160 154 148
3. Cambridge University Press   57 82 -101 120 115 154 151 151 159 159 159 149
4. Yale University Press   50 54 71 -97 97 143 146 145 151 152 149 136
5. Princeton University Press   29 42 53 73 -89 119 117 127 131 134 140 125
6. University of Chicago Press   33 34 55 69 73 -119 119 133 141 134 138 124
7. Stanford University Press   15 12 18 30 44 42 -83 107 101 101 100 111
8. New York University Press   15 15 20 26 43 38 69 -85 93 93 96 99
9. University of California Press   11 11 17 24 32 24 44 60 -76 81 97 93
10. University of Michigan Press   12 13 11 17 27 18 46 57 67 -75 94 95
11. Cornell University Press   9 9 11 16 24 21 48 51 65 66 -79 81
12. University of North Carolina Press   8 12 10 17 20 16 43 49 45 44 59 -83
13. Ashgate Publishing   9 12 11 24 28 26 33 35 44 40 52 45 -

Ballot report

 Ashgate Publishing Cambridge University Press Cornell University Press Harvard University Press New York University Press Oxford University Press Princeton University Press Stanford University Press University of California Press University of Chicago Press University of Michigan Press University of North Carolina Press Yale University Press
1. 13 7 11 2 8 3 5 10 6 1 12 9 4
2. 13 2 9 4 1 3 5 12 11 6 10 8 7
3. 13 1 9 2 7 3 4 12 8 6 10 11 5
4. 3 4 13 13 2 6 13 13 13 13 13 13 10
5. 1 5 6 3 9 2 8 7 10 11 12 13 4
6. 13 3 11 1 8 4 6 7 10 5 9 12 2
7. 13 3 12 2 6 1 4 5 11 4 13 12 3
8. 9 8 10 5 2 1 6 3 11 7 12 13 4
9. 6 1 13 7 8 2 3 11 9 4 7 5 7
10. 13 2 13 3 13 1 5 4 13 13 13 13 13
11. 13 2 9 4 9 1 3 11 7 5 8 12 6
12. 3 2 7 5 11 1 7 13 8 4 No opinion 13 6
13. 13 4 12 2 13 9 7 6 10 1 8 13 3
14. 13 6 11 2 7 1 4 5 9 3 10 5 8
15. 13 3 9 8 12 7 2 6 10 1 11 5 4
16. 13 5 12 2 13 3 4 7 13 6 8 11 1
17. 8 2 9 3 6 1 10 11 11 4 11 7 5
18. 13 2 13 4 7 1 3 6 No opinion 5 No opinion No opinion 7
19. 13 13 13 13 13 1 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
20. No opinion 2 9 3 11 1 7 5 10 4 8 13 6
21. 13 4 8 3 9 1 2 11 12 5 10 7 6
22. 13 6 8 1 11 2 3 10 9 4 12 7 5
23. 13 5 8 1 9 2 4 7 10 3 11 12 6
24. 13 5 13 2 13 4 4 3 13 13 13 13 1
25. 13 2 11 3 12 1 4 7 8 5 9 10 6
26. 7 2 3 4 9 1 8 5 10 11 12 13 6
27. 5 4 7 13 2 3 9 11 8 10 1 6 12
28. 13 4 10 1 8 3 2 7 12 6 9 11 5
29. 13 2 11 6 3 1 4 7 10 9 8 12 5
30. No opinion 4 No opinion 2 8 1 5 7 10 6 9 11 3
31. 13 1 11 3 9 2 10 6 7 5 8 12 4
32. 13 1 11 2 8 6 7 9 10 5 12 4 3
33. 13 1 12 3 11 2 4 11 10 5 10 13 6
34. 13 4 10 3 9 1 3 13 13 11 12 13 2
35. 13 1 10 4 9 5 3 6 11 7 8 12 2
36. 13 13 13 1 13 2 3 13 13 13 13 13 4
37. 13 2 9 6 8 1 10 11 12 7 4 3 5
38. 13 3 13 2 13 1 4 5 13 13 13 13 6
39. 13 1 9 3 5 8 9 6 10 7 11 12 2
40. 9 3 No opinion 2 7 1 8 6 No opinion 4 No opinion No opinion 5
41. No opinion 7 No opinion 2 9 4 1 6 9 3 10 11 5
42. 6 1 8 6 8 2 9 4 9 7 10 3 5
43. No opinion No opinion No opinion 1 No opinion No opinion No opinion 5 No opinion 2 4 No opinion 3
44. 12 2 13 1 10 6 11 5 9 4 8 7 3
45. 10 3 12 1 11 2 4 5 8 7 9 13 6
46. 13 2 13 13 13 13 13 13 3 13 4 13 1
47. 12 3 2 9 5 4 11 10 1 13 7 6 8
48. 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
49. 13 2 13 6 13 1 11 13 13 4 11 13 9
50. 8 3 13 5 1 4 6 7 13 13 13 13 13
51. 7 1 12 5 7 2 10 6 7 3 11 13 4
52. 8 2 5 1 3 1 3 6 2 1 4 7 1
53. 13 3 11 5 7 1 2 6 12 10 8 9 4
54. No opinion 1 No opinion 3 No opinion 1 2 No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion 4 3
55. No opinion No opinion 4 1 3 1 4 2 5 2 6 No opinion 1
56. 8 4 12 2 11 1 3 7 10 5 9 13 6
57. 11 1 12 7 13 2 10 3 8 4 5 9 6
58. 9 2 5 3 11 1 7 6 8 13 12 10 4
59. 3 4 5 1 8 7 9 11 10 2 6 12 13
60. 13 1 12 4 5 2 6 8 6 8 10 11 3
61. 13 2 13 13 13 3 13 13 13 13 13 13 1
62. 9 1 9 1 2 1 2 8 10 2 11 12 1
63. 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
64. 2 11 3 13 12 1 7 4 6 5 8 10 9
65. 3 4 9 1 13 2 5 10 12 7 8 11 6
66. 13 5 10 1 6 2 4 7 9 3 8 11 4
67. 13 7 10 3 8 1 5 4 8 2 10 12 6
68. 12 2 10 3 8 1 6 4 9 5 7 11 13
69. No opinion 3 No opinion 2 6 1 No opinion 8 9 5 7 No opinion 4
70. 13 5 1 7 8 4 12 11 9 2 6 10 3
71. 12 4 11 2 10 2 9 10 10 10 10 13 5
72. 13 1 5 2 12 4 6 3 7 8 9 10 11
73. 13 8 13 3 13 4 12 11 13 1 9 10 2
74. 13 1 13 3 13 2 5 13 13 4 13 13 6
75. 11 1 10 6 5 4 2 7 12 9 8 13 3
76. 13 13 13 1 13 2 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
77. 1 13 12 6 12 5 2 12 7 8 3 4 9
78. 13 5 8 1 10 4 3 11 13 6 9 7 2
79. 11 4 9 2 6 7 8 1 5 12 10 13 3
80. 8 1 11 2 5 3 4 11 6 9 10 10 7
81. 9 6 13 3 8 1 2 7 10 5 12 11 4
82. 13 4 13 3 13 2 1 6 13 13 7 8 5
83. 13 4 9 1 11 1 1 7 10 4 12 8 4
84. 13 6 10 2 9 5 4 8 7 1 11 12 3
85. 4 4 5 1 5 3 8 7 7 2 7 9 1
86. 13 2 13 1 5 3 4 13 13 13 13 13 13
87. 13 8 13 2 13 1 7 9 6 3 4 13 5
88. 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
89. 13 1 13 3 5 2 13 13 13 4 13 13 13
90. 6 2 11 4 7 1 3 12 13 8 10 9 5
91. 9 6 10 2 13 5 11 7 8 1 4 12 3
92. 11 6 12 3 9 4 2 13 7 5 10 8 1
93. No opinion 4 No opinion 5 6 7 No opinion No opinion No opinion 2 8 3 1
94. 13 3 13 4 13 1 5 13 8 2 7 13 6
95. 13 3 13 1 13 1 5 13 13 5 13 13 3
96. 13 2 13 4 13 1 13 5 6 3 13 8 7
97. 10 5 12 1 13 4 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
98. 13 3 8 2 11 3 3 10 7 6 12 9 1
99. 12 4 7 2 9 3 5 6 10 6 8 11 1
100. 10 5 9 2 8 4 7 2 9 6 9 9 1
101. 12 3 10 3 12 1 1 7 7 3 10 7 3
102. 4 3 8 6 9 2 7 10 11 1 12 13 5
103. 13 7 9 8 8 6 5 12 5 5 12 12 3
104. 13 1 11 8 12 2 4 6 5 3 7 10 9
105. 13 2 12 3 10 1 6 5 7 8 9 11 4
106. 13 1 No opinion 2 13 4 13 13 13 6 13 3 7
107. 13 1 13 3 10 9 2 5 11 6 7 13 4
108. No opinion 6 8 2 1 3 3 8 6 4 8 9 6
109. 10 4 9 1 12 1 3 8 13 4 11 7 4
110. No opinion 1 No opinion 3 No opinion 2 4 No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion
111. 13 2 13 13 13 1 13 13 3 13 13 13 13
112. 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 2 13 13 3 13 1
113. 3 7 12 2 5 1 9 8 4 11 10 13 6
114. 13 3 9 5 1 2 6 7 10 8 11 12 4
115. 3 2 13 5 13 1 13 13 13 6 13 13 4
116. 7 3 8 1 9 10 2 4 6 11 12 13 5
117. 4 2 6 3 6 1 5 5 6 6 7 7 5
118. 9 2 10 5 7 1 4 8 13 3 11 12 6
119. 13 1 9 3 8 2 4 7 11 6 10 12 5
120. 9 4 13 1 7 5 6 10 12 8 11 1 3
121. 13 4 10 7 11 9 5 12 2 1 3 6 8
122. 13 7 8 2 7 1 5 8 11 4 12 13 3
123. No opinion 3 11 5 7 1 2 6 9 6 8 12 4
124. 13 5 10 2 7 1 3 6 12 8 9 11 4
125. 13 2 8 4 9 1 5 10 11 6 12 3 7
126. 3 4 8 2 6 1 5 9 11 6 10 12 7
127. 10 3 11 5 8 1 4 12 13 6 9 7 2
128. 11 4 12 2 9 5 6 9 13 1 8 7 3
129. 13 13 1 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
130. 2 3 13 13 13 13 1 13 13 13 13 13 4
131. No opinion 4 12 1 7 5 6 10 11 3 8 9 2
132. 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
133. 13 2 10 1 6 3 5 7 8 9 11 12 4
134. 6 10 12 2 3 1 11 7 4 8 5 13 9
135. 13 2 5 2 8 1 2 8 8 5 8 8 5
136. 13 1 13 4 13 5 13 13 7 3 13 2 6
137. 13 7 13 1 13 2 4 13 6 5 13 13 3
138. 13 13 1 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
139. 13 1 12 3 10 7 5 9 6 4 8 11 2
140. 9 8 11 5 2 1 7 4 10 3 12 13 6
141. 13 2 11 3 9 1 5 8 10 6 7 12 4
142. 12 2 10 3 5 1 7 8 11 4 6 9 13
143. 13 4 9 2 10 1 2 11 8 5 12 7 5
144. 13 2 13 3 13 1 5 13 13 13 13 13 4
145. 13 3 13 1 3 1 3 4 6 3 13 13 1
146. 11 6 9 4 13 7 2 5 10 1 8 12 3
147. 8 7 10 3 9 5 1 12 13 4 11 6 2
148. 13 6 12 2 8 5 4 7 9 3 11 10 1
149. 13 4 13 2 13 1 13 13 5 13 13 13 3
150. No opinion 3 12 4 11 1 5 8 9 2 7 10 6
151. 13 5 12 2 6 3 8 7 8 4 9 10 1
152. No opinion 2 3 4 5 12 10 2 No opinion 5 9 13 1
153. No opinion 6 7 3 4 1 8 9 4 2 10 11 5
154. 11 9 12 4 13 1 13 7 12 5 3 No opinion 13
155. 13 6 13 2 3 5 13 7 13 4 13 13 1
156. 13 12 11 5 10 2 6 9 1 3 8 7 4
157. 8 5 10 1 11 3 7 9 12 4 13 6 2
158. 11 2 10 3 7 1 9 13 6 5 8 12 4
159. 13 2 13 13 13 1 13 3 13 13 13 13 13
160. 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
161. No opinion 6 8 5 3 2 1 7 11 9 10 12 4
162. 9 1 11 5 12 2 3 13 8 6 10 7 4
163. 3 1 11 5 9 6 4 7 10 13 8 12 2
164. 13 3 13 2 6 1 4 13 13 13 13 13 5
165. 13 2 10 8 13 3 7 13 13 11 13 13 1
166. 13 8 9 3 12 1 2 10 5 4 11 7 6
167. 13 1 10 3 12 2 4 8 9 6 11 7 5
168. 13 5 4 1 8 3 7 9 12 2 10 11 6
169. 4 13 13 1 7 2 13 13 13 3 13 6 5
170. 12 8 13 1 7 2 3 9 11 3 10 6 5
171. 2 1 13 7 11 5 4 10 9 8 3 12 6
172. 13 2 13 2 13 3 1 13 13 2 13 13 1
173. 13 13 1 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
174. 13 4 10 2 11 1 9 6 8 3 7 12 5
175. 12 2 9 3 5 1 8 10 13 7 11 6 4
176. 13 13 13 1 13 13 13 13 2 13 13 13 13
177. 13 13 13 3 13 1 2 13 4 13 13 13 13
178. 13 10 8 6 2 3 5 7 1 9 11 12 4
179. 13 13 13 13 13 2 13 13 13 3 13 13 1
180. 13 13 6 3 13 2 1 7 13 4 13 13 5
181. 10 4 11 3 7 1 8 12 13 9 6 5 2
182. 10 2 11 1 8 6 9 3 7 4 12 13 5
183. No opinion 2 No opinion No opinion No opinion 1 No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion
184. No opinion 2 No opinion 3 No opinion 1 4 No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion
185. 13 4 13 1 7 3 6 8 13 5 13 13 2
186. 11 5 6 3 1 4 2 7 12 8 10 13 9
187. 13 3 8 5 12 4 1 10 11 2 9 6 7
188. 13 4 11 2 8 1 5 7 9 6 10 12 3
189. 8 4 9 2 10 12 11 3 1 6 7 13 5
190. 13 1 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
191. 13 6 10 2 3 1 9 7 11 5 8 12 4
192. 12 3 11 1 6 4 13 5 9 7 8 10 2
193. 5 4 8 2 9 1 3 7 10 6 11 12 6
194. 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 1
195. 10 3 12 5 9 1 2 8 13 4 7 11 6
196. 8 4 10 3 6 2 9 5 6 1 3 No opinion 7

Ballots are shown in a randomly generated order.

[Download ballots in CSV format]

The following matrix shows the strength of the strongest beatpath connecting each pair of choices. Choice 1 is ranked above choice 2 if there is a stronger beatpath leading from 1 to 2 than any leading from 2 to 1.

  1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.9.10.11.12.13.
1. Oxford University Press   -108–65 123–57 128–50 145–29 143–33 162–15 162–15 164–11 164–12 165–9 164–8 156–9
2. Harvard University Press   . -95–82 119–54 128–42 137–34 161–12 157–15 159–11 157–13 160–9 154–12 148–12
3. Cambridge University Press   . . -101–71 120–53 115–55 154–18 151–20 151–17 159–11 159–11 159–10 149–11
4. Yale University Press   . . . -97–73 97–69 143–30 146–26 145–24 151–17 152–16 149–17 136–24
5. Princeton University Press   . . . . -89–73 119–44 117–43 127–32 131–27 134–24 140–20 125–28
6. University of Chicago Press   . . . . . -119–42 119–38 133–24 141–18 134–21 138–16 124–26
7. Stanford University Press   . . . . . . -83–69 107–44 101–46 101–48 100–43 111–33
8. New York University Press   . . . . . . . -85–60 93–57 93–51 96–49 99–35
9. University of California Press   . . . . . . . . -76–67 81–65 97–45 93–44
10. University of Michigan Press   . . . . . . . . . -75–66 94–44 95–40
11. Cornell University Press   . . . . . . . . . . -79–59 81–52
12. University of North Carolina Press   . . . . . . . . . . . -83–45
13. Ashgate Publishing   . . . . . . . . . . . . -