Supervisor: Brian Leiter <>
Announced end of poll: June 9, 2009
Actual time poll closed: Thu Jun 11 13:23:31 2009
This is a public poll.
Actual votes cast: 208
Number of winning choices:
Condorcet completion rule:    (What is this?)
Schulze/Beatpath/CSSD
CIVS Ranked Pairs
MAM
Condorcet-IRV

Poll description

Who should be the next Dean of Harvard Law School? Rank order the candidates in your order of preference for the job.

Result

1. Martha Minow  (Condorcet winner: wins contests with all other choices)
2. Howell Jackson  loses to Martha Minow by 95–61
3. Elizabeth Warren  loses to Martha Minow by 92–52, loses to Howell Jackson by 75–71
4. David Wilkins  loses to Martha Minow by 90–48, loses to Elizabeth Warren by 70–63
5. John Manning  loses to Martha Minow by 94–54, loses to David Wilkins by 68–66
6. David Barron  loses to Martha Minow by 108–33, loses to John Manning by 70–52
7. John Coates  loses to Martha Minow by 109–34, loses to David Barron by 65–49
8. David Souter  loses to Martha Minow by 96–43, loses to John Coates by 61–51
9. John Sexton  loses to Martha Minow by 108–27, loses to David Souter by 56–43
10. Duncan Kennedy  loses to Martha Minow by 118–23, loses to John Sexton by 56–39
11. Catherine MacKinnon  loses to Martha Minow by 115–24, loses to Duncan Kennedy by 53–43
12. Larry Summers  loses to Martha Minow by 111–26, loses to Catherine MacKinnon by 57–42
13. Cornel West  loses to Martha Minow by 116–22, loses to Larry Summers by 50–44
14. Alan Dershowitz  loses to Martha Minow by 118–24, loses to Cornel West by 46–44

For simplicity, some details of the poll result are not shown.  

Result details

  1234567891011121314
1. Martha Minow   -95 92 90 94 108 109 96 108 118 115 111 116 118
2. Howell Jackson   61 -75 73 66 82 88 85 96 102 98 97 102 104
3. Elizabeth Warren   52 71 -70 84 88 94 86 95 104 99 102 104 109
4. David Wilkins   48 66 63 -68 78 78 76 80 87 87 84 90 97
5. John Manning   54 66 61 66 -70 76 77 87 88 87 95 94 104
6. David Barron   33 47 46 44 52 -65 67 72 82 75 81 82 89
7. John Coates   34 39 41 45 46 49 -61 65 71 73 75 77 85
8. David Souter   43 47 44 43 47 47 51 -56 70 66 68 69 75
9. John Sexton   27 23 33 33 29 38 40 43 -56 54 58 60 64
10. Duncan Kennedy   23 26 30 32 33 31 37 36 39 -53 53 59 61
11. Catherine MacKinnon   24 29 31 31 39 35 36 36 42 43 -57 66 60
12. Larry Summers   26 22 29 32 22 30 27 33 32 43 42 -50 49
13. Cornel West   22 29 25 26 30 31 32 28 35 38 27 44 -46
14. Alan Dershowitz   24 21 25 24 19 24 22 29 26 37 37 37 44 -

Ballot report

 David Barron John Coates Alan Dershowitz Howell Jackson Duncan Kennedy Catherine MacKinnon John Manning Martha Minow John Sexton David Souter Larry Summers Elizabeth Warren Cornel West David Wilkins
1. 5 7 3 8 13 14 1 9 10 6 11 2 4 12
2. 7 6 12 4 9 11 5 2 8 10 13 3 14 1
3. 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
4. 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
5. 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 2 14 14 14 14
6. 9 3 10 2 12 13 1 8 7 11 5 4 14 6
7. 5 9 11 2 8 10 6 4 12 13 7 3 14 1
8. 4 No opinion 7 No opinion 8 1 9 6 3 2 10 5 14 No opinion
9. 2 5 14 10 3 4 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
10. 3 14 14 6 14 14 2 1 14 14 14 5 14 4
11. 14 14 14 14 14 14 3 14 14 14 14 1 14 2
12. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
13. 14 14 2 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14
14. 2 5 9 3 10 12 1 4 6 8 7 13 14 11
15. 14 14 14 1 14 13 14 2 14 14 14 3 14 14
16. 9 10 6 11 4 2 1 12 8 7 13 14 3 5
17. 9 6 13 2 11 5 9 1 3 No opinion 12 4 8 6
18. 5 7 11 8 10 12 9 3 4 1 14 2 13 6
19. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
20. 14 14 14 14 14 2 14 14 14 1 14 14 1 14
21. 7 6 11 3 10 13 8 2 No opinion 5 12 4 14 1
22. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14
23. 14 3 14 2 5 14 4 14 14 14 14 1 14 14
24. 7 6 14 4 14 14 5 2 14 3 14 1 14 14
25. 2 8 14 5 12 13 6 3 7 1 10 4 11 9
26. 4 7 14 8 5 No opinion 13 1 14 2 No opinion 3 No opinion 10
27. 14 3 14 12 10 14 10 14 1 14 14 14 14 14
28. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1
29. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
30. 3 9 14 5 7 11 4 2 10 1 13 6 12 8
31. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
32. 3 8 13 7 1 2 10 4 11 12 14 9 5 6
33. 4 14 14 5 14 14 3 1 14 14 14 14 14 2
34. 9 10 14 14 12 13 14 3 14 11 14 1 No opinion 2
35. 2 8 12 7 10 11 3 4 9 14 1 13 5 6
36. 14 13 14 1 14 14 3 14 14 14 14 2 14 14
37. 14 14 14 3 5 4 14 8 9 2 14 7 6 1
38. No opinion No opinion No opinion 3 No opinion No opinion No opinion 2 No opinion No opinion No opinion 5 4 1
39. 4 12 14 9 7 5 8 2 6 1 10 3 11 13
40. 4 9 10 2 12 13 1 7 8 11 5 6 14 3
41. 8 6 14 1 13 11 9 4 10 10 3 5 12 7
42. 14 14 14 14 14 14 2 1 14 14 14 14 14 14
43. 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
44. 2 7 13 9 4 6 10 1 11 8 14 3 12 5
45. 12 13 3 11 2 1 14 8 4 7 5 9 6 10
46. 3 No opinion 14 No opinion No opinion No opinion 3 3 3 No opinion 14 2 No opinion 1
47. 5 4 11 1 12 13 7 10 2 6 3 9 14 8
48. 14 2 14 1 14 14 14 4 14 14 14 3 14 14
49. 4 5 14 1 14 14 8 3 7 9 13 6 14 2
50. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 2 3 14
51. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14
52. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
53. 4 7 14 5 14 14 3 1 14 14 14 6 14 2
54. 7 8 14 9 4 6 12 1 11 2 13 5 3 10
55. 12 13 6 14 1 2 11 4 10 5 8 9 3 7
56. 14 14 14 14 6 5 14 2 14 4 14 1 3 No opinion
57. 14 3 14 14 14 14 1 2 14 14 14 14 14 14
58. 3 9 14 5 8 7 4 1 11 10 13 6 12 2
59. 7 6 11 2 13 10 3 4 8 9 12 5 14 1
60. 13 14 8 3 5 6 11 1 12 10 7 2 9 4
61. 5 8 13 4 14 9 6 1 12 7 10 2 11 3
62. 5 8 13 2 11 12 1 7 9 4 14 6 10 3
63. 14 14 14 1 14 3 2 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
64. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
65. 6 5 14 3 14 14 2 1 14 14 14 4 14 14
66. 5 4 14 3 14 14 6 14 14 14 14 1 14 2
67. 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
68. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14
69. 3 14 9 10 No opinion No opinion 1 1 No opinion No opinion No opinion 2 No opinion 14
70. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14
71. 5 1 10 4 8 13 6 3 9 7 12 11 14 2
72. 6 7 14 5 14 14 3 4 14 14 14 2 14 1
73. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
74. 6 8 12 2 14 14 1 4 5 7 13 9 11 3
75. 7 3 14 4 11 12 6 1 13 10 8 2 9 5
76. 13 8 2 9 11 7 12 5 6 3 4 10 1 14
77. 2 No opinion 11 6 14 4 10 5 No opinion 1 8 3 9 7
78. 5 6 12 2 10 11 7 4 8 9 14 3 13 1
79. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 3 14 2
80. No opinion No opinion 3 6 1 2 12 7 8 10 4 9 5 11
81. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
82. 2 7 14 6 10 9 3 4 8 14 14 1 14 5
83. 7 2 5 6 9 8 1 3 10 11 4 12 14 13
84. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
85. 5 4 No opinion 14 No opinion No opinion 14 1 No opinion No opinion No opinion 3 No opinion 2
86. 9 10 5 14 11 7 12 6 8 4 13 1 2 3
87. 7 4 14 2 14 14 1 14 9 8 3 6 14 5
88. 5 1 6 4 10 11 2 12 8 13 3 9 14 7
89. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14
90. 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
91. 10 5 13 10 14 6 7 4 9 2 3 8 1 10
92. 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 1 14 14 14 14
93. 14 13 13 13 13 13 1 2 13 13 13 13 13 13
94. 14 5 12 4 13 14 1 3 No opinion No opinion No opinion 2 No opinion 6
95. 14 6 14 No opinion 5 4 No opinion 1 No opinion 2 13 3 12 No opinion
96. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 1 14
97. 4 5 14 3 6 7 1 1 7 5 14 6 14 3
98. 6 14 14 14 14 6 14 3 14 2 14 4 14 1
99. 9 7 6 5 3 5 2 2 13 1 3 2 2 14
100. 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 14 13 13 13 13 13 13
101. 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 2 14 14
102. 5 4 14 6 10 8 10 2 7 10 14 3 13 1
103. 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
104. 7 8 5 3 13 12 9 6 10 1 4 11 14 2
105. 3 4 7 9 11 12 1 13 2 8 6 5 14 10
106. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1
107. 11 14 6 1 7 3 14 14 8 5 2 14 4 14
108. 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
109. 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 3 2 14 4 14 14 5
110. 2 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
111. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
112. 6 14 14 14 3 1 14 4 14 7 14 5 2 14
113. 8 8 11 8 10 14 8 5 10 6 12 1 13 7
114. 9 6 10 2 14 7 5 1 13 8 12 3 11 4
115. 13 8 7 1 9 10 6 3 5 11 14 2 12 4
116. 4 14 14 3 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 5 14 2
117. 13 13 14 7 12 14 1 3 10 14 14 13 14 8
118. 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
119. 2 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 3 14 1
120. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
121. 4 14 14 14 2 14 14 1 14 14 3 5 14 14
122. 8 11 12 5 7 10 2 1 9 4 14 3 13 6
123. 3 14 14 14 14 14 2 4 14 14 14 1 14 14
124. 7 8 14 14 13 1 14 12 14 9 14 10 9 2
125. 5 14 14 3 14 14 2 4 14 14 14 14 14 1
126. 8 5 11 9 10 12 1 6 3 4 14 13 2 7
127. 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
128. 14 14 14 3 14 14 2 2 14 1 14 4 14 14
129. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 2 14 4 14 1 14 3
130. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14
131. 6 3 14 2 12 5 9 7 10 4 13 8 11 1
132. 2 14 14 6 14 14 3 1 14 14 14 5 14 4
133. 14 14 14 3 4 14 5 14 2 14 1 14 14 14
134. 5 6 9 2 10 11 1 14 4 12 3 13 13 8
135. 9 8 10 1 13 14 7 9 9 9 12 9 11 9
136. 4 1 14 5 14 14 6 3 14 14 14 14 14 2
137. 14 2 14 3 14 7 14 6 4 5 14 1 14 14
138. 14 14 14 2 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 2 14 14
139. 6 5 14 9 13 8 1 2 7 12 10 4 11 3
140. 6 14 14 4 14 14 1 5 14 14 14 3 14 2
141. 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
142. 5 13 14 1 14 14 4 2 14 14 14 2 14 6
143. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 3 14 2
144. No opinion No opinion 7 2 14 14 No opinion 6 3 4 5 1 14 No opinion
145. 14 2 14 3 14 14 1 14 14 14 4 14 14 14
146. 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
147. 14 14 14 2 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 3 14 14
148. 8 3 5 5 13 12 4 7 10 2 1 14 9 6
149. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
150. 14 14 14 2 5 3 13 1 13 13 14 3 13 13
151. 4 6 8 2 12 13 1 11 7 5 10 3 14 9
152. 7 10 2 5 8 3 11 12 14 1 4 6 13 9
153. 6 5 11 1 12 13 7 4 3 10 9 8 14 2
154. 14 14 3 14 1 14 14 14 2 14 14 14 14 14
155. 14 14 14 4 14 14 14 3 No opinion No opinion No opinion 2 14 1
156. 4 14 14 1 14 14 5 3 14 6 14 2 14 14
157. 13 13 13 11 12 13 14 1 13 13 13 10 13 9
158. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1
159. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14
160. 14 14 14 3 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 2
161. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 3 4 14 14 2 14 1
162. 14 14 14 3 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 2 14 14
163. 2 14 3 4 13 14 1 11 10 6 No opinion 14 14 14
164. 14 4 14 14 3 14 14 4 14 1 8 14 14 14
165. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14
166. 9 9 9 9 9 1 9 2 9 13 12 8 7 6
167. 8 3 14 9 1 5 7 2 14 4 14 4 14 6
168. 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
169. 13 13 14 13 13 13 13 1 13 13 13 2 12 13
170. 3 14 14 14 14 14 14 4 14 13 14 1 14 2
171. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
172. 14 14 3 14 14 14 14 2 14 14 14 4 5 1
173. 14 3 2 14 1 14 14 4 14 14 5 14 7 10
174. 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 2 14 14 14 14
175. No opinion No opinion No opinion 2 No opinion No opinion 1 3 No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion
176. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 2 14 14 14 1 14 14
177. 5 9 10 3 14 14 2 6 4 14 7 1 14 8
178. 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
179. 2 3 4 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
180. No opinion 10 No opinion 2 7 5 8 6 No opinion 1 No opinion 3 4 No opinion
181. 4 5 10 2 6 8 7 1 11 12 14 3 13 9
182. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 1 14 1
183. 5 10 14 7 13 9 1 2 8 6 11 4 12 3
184. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
185. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14
186. 13 12 14 14 1 13 8 12 9 3 14 14 13 10
187. 8 7 11 3 11 11 1 4 2 10 9 4 14 4
188. 14 14 14 14 14 2 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14
189. 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 13 14 14 14
190. 2 4 14 14 14 14 3 1 14 5 14 2 14 3
191. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
192. No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion No opinion 1 No opinion No opinion
193. 14 14 3 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 2 14 14
194. 14 14 3 14 14 14 1 14 4 5 2 14 14 14
195. 1 14 14 14 5 14 3 2 14 14 14 14 14 4
196. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14
197. 4 12 13 14 2 3 8 1 10 7 9 5 6 11
198. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14
199. 3 5 11 4 10 6 8 1 9 13 14 7 12 2
200. 6 13 14 5 11 8 7 1 2 10 9 3 12 4
201. 14 14 1 14 14 3 14 2 14 14 14 14 14 14
202. 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
203. 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
204. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 2 3 14 14 14 14 1
205. 5 No opinion No opinion 4 No opinion No opinion 1 2 No opinion No opinion No opinion 3 No opinion 6
206. 14 14 14 12 14 14 1 13 14 14 11 14 14 14
207. 5 5 14 3 5 5 6 1 4 7 12 2 13 5
208. 14 14 14 14 14 14 6 1 14 14 14 1 14 4

Ballots are shown in a randomly generated order.

[Download ballots in CSV format]

The following matrix shows the strength of the strongest beatpath connecting each pair of choices. Choice 1 is ranked above choice 2 if there is a stronger beatpath leading from 1 to 2 than any leading from 2 to 1.

  1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.9.10.11.12.13.14.
1. Martha Minow   -95–61 92–52 90–48 94–54 108–33 109–34 96–43 108–27 118–23 115–24 111–26 116–22 118–24
2. Howell Jackson   . -75–71 73–66 75–71 82–47 88–39 85–47 96–23 102–26 98–29 97–22 102–29 104–21
3. Elizabeth Warren   . . -70–63 84–61 88–46 94–41 86–44 95–33 104–30 99–31 102–29 104–25 109–25
4. David Wilkins   . . . -68–66 78–44 78–45 76–43 80–33 87–32 87–31 84–32 90–26 97–24
5. John Manning   . . . . -70–52 76–46 77–47 87–29 88–33 87–39 95–22 94–30 104–19
6. David Barron   . . . . . -65–49 67–47 72–38 82–31 75–35 81–30 82–31 89–24
7. John Coates   . . . . . . -61–51 65–40 71–37 73–36 75–27 77–32 85–22
8. David Souter   . . . . . . . -56–43 70–36 66–36 68–33 69–28 75–29
9. John Sexton   . . . . . . . . -56–39 54–42 58–32 60–35 64–26
10. Duncan Kennedy   . . . . . . . . . -53–43 53–43 59–38 61–37
11. Catherine MacKinnon   . . . . . . . . . . -57–42 66–27 60–37
12. Larry Summers   . . . . . . . . . . . -50–44 49–37
13. Cornel West   . . . . . . . . . . . . -46–44
14. Alan Dershowitz   . . . . . . . . . . . . . -