Supervisor: Brian Leiter <>
Announced end of poll: April 15, 2013
Actual time poll closed:
This is a public poll.
Actual votes cast: 218
Number of winning choices:
Condorcet completion rule:    (What is this?)
Schulze/Beatpath/CSSD
CIVS Ranked Pairs
MAM
Condorcet-IRV

Poll description

The list below includes areas of law and legal study that many feel are not given sufficient attention in the legal academy. Rank them according to which ones you think deserve more attention (esp. in the form of more full-time faculty doing scholarship in the area) from American law schools.

Result

1. Consumer Law  (Condorcet winner: wins contests with all other choices)
2. Energy Law/Natural Resources Law/Water Law  loses to Consumer Law by 109–73
3. Employment Law  loses to Consumer Law by 115–73, loses to Energy Law/Natural Resources Law/Water Law by 91–85
4. Alternative Dispute Resolution  loses to Consumer Law by 106–80, loses to Employment Law by 89–83
5. Immigration Law  loses to Consumer Law by 118–67, loses to Alternative Dispute Resolution by 87–86
6. Family Law  loses to Consumer Law by 123–61, loses to Immigration Law by 99–72
7. Insurance Law  loses to Consumer Law by 130–53, loses to Family Law by 100–77
8. Comparative Law  loses to Consumer Law by 117–68, loses to Insurance Law by 91–87
9. Elder Law  loses to Consumer Law by 135–47, loses to Comparative Law by 88–80
10. Wills, Trusts & Estates  loses to Consumer Law by 126–58, loses to Elder Law by 88–79
11. Education Law  loses to Consumer Law by 135–46, loses to Comparative Law by 91–77
12. Labor Law  loses to Consumer Law by 139–40, loses to Education Law by 93–69
13. Admiralty/Maritime Law  loses to Consumer Law by 148–25, loses to Labor Law by 109–44
14. Sports Law  loses to Consumer Law by 162–8, loses to Admiralty/Maritime Law by 77–47

For simplicity, some details of the poll result are not shown.  

Result details

  1234567891011121314
1. Consumer Law   -109 115 106 118 123 130 117 135 126 135 139 148 162
2. Energy Law/Natural Resources Law/Water Law   73 -91 97 101 99 107 101 104 111 108 118 130 141
3. Employment Law   73 85 -89 90 91 94 102 98 95 108 121 121 139
4. Alternative Dispute Resolution   80 74 83 -87 89 96 97 108 96 104 113 126 143
5. Immigration Law   67 71 82 86 -99 98 109 94 105 109 115 132 141
6. Family Law   61 79 80 85 72 -100 101 92 91 96 103 131 140
7. Insurance Law   53 62 83 78 72 77 -91 90 99 94 111 127 135
8. Comparative Law   68 72 74 73 69 72 87 -88 85 91 90 116 128
9. Elder Law   47 62 77 63 79 78 78 80 -88 78 95 112 131
10. Wills, Trusts & Estates   58 58 76 74 69 79 68 87 79 -82 97 122 135
11. Education Law   46 58 68 69 62 71 80 77 84 83 -93 118 132
12. Labor Law   40 48 45 57 49 61 58 78 72 70 69 -109 122
13. Admiralty/Maritime Law   25 26 41 34 32 31 35 37 43 34 37 44 -77
14. Sports Law   8 12 20 10 15 13 18 19 16 16 14 24 47 -

Ballot report

 Admiralty/Maritime Law Alternative Dispute Resolution Comparative Law Consumer Law Education Law Elder Law Employment Law Energy Law/Natural Resources Law/Water Law Family Law Immigration Law Insurance Law Labor Law Sports Law Wills, Trusts & Estates
1. 14 14 14 14 14 2 14 3 14 14 4 14 14 1
2. 13 14 14 4 7 7 3 1 2 6 5 13 13 7
3. No opinion 3 7 4 9 8 2 No opinion 6 1 5 No opinion No opinion No opinion
4. 14 14 14 1 2 4 3 14 14 6 7 5 14 8
5. 14 2 14 14 14 14 3 14 5 4 1 14 14 14
6. 10 3 5 12 2 13 6 1 14 11 8 7 14 9
7. 3 10 3 4 4 4 9 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
8. 14 4 9 7 9 12 6 1 2 8 13 5 11 3
9. 5 8 6 14 14 14 9 2 4 3 14 7 14 1
10. 9 11 14 1 5 2 6 8 4 7 10 12 14 3
11. 13 5 9 7 8 6 4 12 3 2 11 1 14 10
12. 11 2 14 1 8 14 6 5 10 3 4 7 14 9
13. 14 13 No opinion 9 6 5 4 3 8 6 5 12 14 2
14. 2 3 4 6 5 7 8 9 14 10 14 3 1 14
15. 14 3 14 5 14 14 14 2 14 4 1 14 14 14
16. 12 11 13 5 8 2 6 4 3 1 9 7 14 10
17. 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
18. 4 14 1 3 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 2 14 14
19. 13 10 12 2 5 3 6 1 7 4 8 11 14 9
20. 14 13 13 2 3 13 13 4 13 13 13 13 1 13
21. 3 7 4 14 1 13 5 6 12 8 9 10 11 2
22. 14 14 14 3 14 14 14 1 14 2 4 14 14 14
23. 12 3 10 2 9 11 6 1 4 5 8 13 14 7
24. 10 12 11 2 8 3 13 1 4 6 5 14 9 7
25. No opinion No opinion 14 3 14 14 2 14 4 14 14 14 14 1
26. 14 4 13 7 1 10 8 6 5 12 2 11 9 3
27. 7 9 4 3 5 10 12 6 8 1 11 13 14 2
28. 14 14 4 5 14 14 14 1 14 2 3 14 14 14
29. 11 4 1 10 12 5 6 2 9 7 3 8 14 13
30. 14 14 2 4 14 14 14 14 3 14 14 14 14 1
31. 10 13 3 5 7 12 9 4 2 1 6 8 14 11
32. 13 2 14 12 6 5 1 2 8 7 14 6 14 7
33. 6 14 1 4 14 2 3 13 14 14 14 14 14 5
34. 11 6 13 1 4 9 2 5 3 10 7 12 14 8
35. 14 14 14 14 14 14 2 14 14 14 14 1 14 14
36. 14 1 9 6 10 5 2 7 8 11 12 4 14 3
37. 13 5 4 10 6 12 2 1 11 7 9 3 14 8
38. 1 2 9 6 3 7 8 5 12 10 11 12 4 14
39. 14 5 1 2 12 14 13 14 8 5 10 8 14 3
40. 4 10 11 9 8 13 2 5 7 1 12 3 14 6
41. 14 1 2 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
42. 14 10 4 1 8 2 6 3 11 7 5 13 14 8
43. 3 11 14 4 12 5 9 1 10 7 2 8 13 6
44. 14 14 3 14 14 14 4 14 14 1 14 2 14 14
45. 13 1 12 5 8 4 2 3 6 9 10 11 7 14
46. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
47. 14 4 9 10 6 1 8 2 7 3 5 11 12 13
48. 5 1 2 3 7 No opinion No opinion 6 No opinion No opinion 4 No opinion No opinion No opinion
49. 2 1 8 9 7 6 5 14 3 14 14 14 14 4
50. 14 2 3 4 5 6 1 9 10 7 11 8 12 13
51. No opinion No opinion No opinion 3 No opinion 1 No opinion No opinion No opinion 14 2 No opinion 13 No opinion
52. 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
53. 14 1 3 4 6 7 9 9 5 10 12 12 8 12
54. 14 10 1 2 13 9 8 3 7 5 4 11 12 6
55. 14 5 10 6 11 9 2 12 7 8 3 4 13 1
56. 14 1 2 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
57. 14 2 3 1 13 4 14 12 7 6 11 8 9 No opinion
58. 12 10 11 3 5 6 7 1 8 2 4 9 13 No opinion
59. 14 14 14 14 2 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14
60. 14 14 14 3 14 14 4 14 14 1 5 14 14 2
61. 4 4 4 4 4 4 1 4 2 3 4 4 4 4
62. 14 2 11 3 9 7 1 4 10 6 8 5 13 12
63. 13 6 7 8 3 5 2 9 10 4 14 1 12 11
64. 4 1 8 11 6 12 13 2 5 3 7 10 14 9
65. 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
66. 14 1 14 2 14 14 5 14 4 14 14 14 14 3
67. 4 3 12 7 10 1 8 2 5 9 11 13 14 6
68. 10 6 3 2 12 13 9 8 5 11 7 4 14 1
69. 14 3 14 2 14 14 14 14 14 4 1 14 14 14
70. 14 1 2 14 14 4 14 3 14 14 14 14 14 14
71. 14 5 14 14 14 2 6 14 3 1 4 14 14 14
72. 14 9 8 6 3 2 1 11 7 4 12 13 10 5
73. 14 14 14 3 14 14 1 2 14 5 4 5 14 14
74. 13 11 5 6 8 7 14 4 3 2 10 1 12 9
75. 14 12 10 3 9 1 4 8 11 5 7 6 13 2
76. 7 5 2 9 8 11 12 1 14 13 10 6 4 3
77. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
78. 5 2 1 7 11 4 6 9 3 10 12 8 14 13
79. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1
80. 14 2 6 4 13 12 11 No opinion No opinion 3 1 5 No opinion 7
81. 12 9 8 7 11 3 5 1 6 2 14 4 14 10
82. 10 11 12 1 9 4 6 13 5 7 2 8 14 3
83. 14 3 2 1 6 4 9 14 8 5 14 10 7 14
84. 13 10 6 5 9 3 7 2 11 8 1 12 14 4
85. 14 14 14 1 14 3 14 14 14 4 2 14 14 14
86. 14 9 4 2 13 1 10 6 6 7 4 6 12 11
87. 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
88. 1 2 14 14 4 14 2 1 14 13 3 13 14 4
89. 14 2 1 6 3 8 1 8 11 9 12 10 13 5
90. 14 8 4 9 3 5 2 7 6 12 10 11 13 1
91. 14 14 14 3 14 1 14 4 14 14 2 14 14 14
92. 14 5 1 7 6 11 2 12 3 4 9 2 14 10
93. 13 1 11 6 4 8 14 5 7 9 2 12 10 3
94. 13 12 11 2 10 7 1 5 4 6 8 3 14 9
95. 14 13 1 14 14 3 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 2
96. 14 10 7 9 4 11 3 5 2 1 8 6 13 12
97. 14 14 14 2 14 14 1 14 3 5 14 6 14 14
98. 10 7 3 5 11 14 6 1 8 12 4 9 12 2
99. 5 6 3 7 8 9 14 4 2 1 10 13 12 11
100. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
101. 11 6 1 5 9 13 7 12 2 4 8 10 14 3
102. 14 5 3 6 7 2 4 1 8 9 10 14 14 14
103. 10 9 8 2 11 12 6 1 4 5 7 13 14 3
104. 7 8 12 5 6 13 9 1 10 2 3 11 14 4
105. 14 14 14 14 5 4 14 1 14 14 2 14 14 3
106. No opinion No opinion No opinion 3 4 No opinion 2 6 5 8 No opinion 7 No opinion 1
107. 6 13 14 9 4 5 8 12 10 11 1 7 3 2
108. 14 1 14 4 14 14 7 5 2 5 6 3 14 14
109. 14 14 14 1 5 2 3 4 7 7 14 7 14 6
110. 4 12 13 2 9 7 10 5 8 11 3 6 14 1
111. 14 5 6 2 14 4 3 3 14 1 14 14 14 14
112. 14 6 8 9 2 7 5 3 10 1 11 4 14 12
113. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1
114. No opinion 5 7 3 No opinion No opinion No opinion 1 6 4 2 No opinion No opinion No opinion
115. 7 14 14 5 11 3 9 11 6 1 2 11 14 4
116. 14 12 6 5 10 3 8 1 11 4 2 7 13 9
117. 14 5 9 2 10 11 4 1 8 6 3 14 14 7
118. 14 3 12 10 8 11 5 1 7 6 4 9 13 2
119. 12 1 8 2 11 3 4 9 5 6 No opinion 10 No opinion 7
120. 14 7 14 1 6 14 10 2 14 7 3 14 14 10
121. 13 6 7 3 2 11 5 1 10 8 4 9 14 12
122. 12 8 13 2 6 9 5 10 3 1 14 7 4 11
123. 14 6 8 7 12 1 9 4 11 5 2 10 13 3
124. 1 3 2 No opinion 11 14 14 5 7 14 6 14 14 4
125. 14 2 14 14 3 4 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14
126. 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 2 14 14 14 14 14
127. 14 14 2 3 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14
128. 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
129. 14 4 14 14 14 1 5 14 2 3 14 14 14 14
130. 12 3 5 7 8 8 1 2 6 9 11 4 13 10
131. 14 12 11 2 3 1 7 8 6 10 4 9 13 5
132. 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 3 14 14 2 14 14 14
133. 1 14 5 8 4 9 14 12 14 10 2 3 14 11
134. 5 4 3 6 7 9 13 10 2 1 8 14 12 11
135. 13 8 12 3 11 9 2 4 1 6 7 10 14 5
136. 14 2 14 6 14 14 3 14 1 4 7 8 14 5
137. 14 2 2 5 9 10 6 9 9 3 4 11 13 13
138. 14 1 14 2 14 14 14 4 14 14 14 14 14 3
139. 14 4 6 2 7 3 1 8 11 9 13 10 5 10
140. 13 2 11 6 7 12 5 1 8 4 3 9 14 10
141. 14 14 2 3 4 14 14 6 7 1 14 5 14 14
142. 14 8 7 2 10 11 4 9 5 3 1 6 13 12
143. 4 2 13 6 14 7 9 1 11 8 3 10 12 5
144. 13 8 9 6 5 11 2 1 10 3 4 7 14 12
145. 14 7 2 1 3 14 6 8 5 14 14 4 14 14
146. 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 2 14 14 14 14 14 3
147. No opinion 4 3 6 5 9 No opinion 2 No opinion 7 1 No opinion No opinion 8
148. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
149. 14 13 3 2 11 9 1 8 6 4 7 5 14 10
150. No opinion 2 1 3 13 12 10 4 9 8 12 14 14 11
151. 2 4 1 6 3 14 14 14 14 14 5 14 14 14
152. 14 7 9 5 4 10 2 6 3 1 8 11 13 12
153. 13 13 2 13 7 13 12 13 11 5 8 13 13 14
154. 2 12 10 1 6 8 13 7 4 11 3 5 14 9
155. 10 9 1 2 11 12 6 8 3 7 4 13 14 5
156. 10 11 3 4 5 12 13 7 2 1 6 8 14 9
157. 4 3 2 14 5 7 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 6
158. No opinion 3 5 1 4 2 No opinion No opinion 6 No opinion 7 No opinion No opinion No opinion
159. 7 13 14 1 2 4 11 3 9 10 5 12 6 8
160. 14 14 14 2 2 14 14 14 3 1 14 5 14 4
161. 10 2 2 5 4 5 4 1 9 7 7 4 6 8
162. 14 14 14 1 2 4 14 14 3 5 14 14 14 14
163. 14 3 8 1 11 5 2 6 12 7 4 10 14 9
164. 13 1 11 2 7 3 9 6 4 8 5 12 14 10
165. 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 3 14 14 2 14 4
166. 14 7 3 5 6 14 4 8 2 1 14 10 14 9
167. 14 3 4 1 10 9 8 5 6 2 11 12 13 7
168. 13 2 11 1 3 4 9 5 6 7 8 10 14 12
169. 14 2 14 6 5 7 14 4 14 1 3 14 14 8
170. 13 2 12 3 5 1 6 8 4 7 9 10 14 11
171. 14 10 3 1 9 11 14 5 6 4 7 12 11 2
172. 14 14 14 6 4 5 14 1 3 2 14 14 14 14
173. 13 5 12 1 7 4 9 2 11 3 6 8 14 10
174. 14 14 14 14 14 2 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 3
175. 10 11 14 6 2 8 5 1 9 3 4 7 13 12
176. 14 2 5 7 9 8 1 9 4 6 11 3 13 12
177. 14 3 4 7 12 13 5 6 1 10 9 11 8 2
178. 7 5 1 6 10 9 12 3 13 11 2 8 14 4
179. 7 10 8 1 5 13 4 2 6 9 11 3 14 12
180. 14 9 6 10 11 12 3 5 2 7 4 8 13 1
181. 14 1 10 11 9 3 5 2 8 4 13 7 12 6
182. 14 14 14 4 2 5 14 14 1 14 14 3 14 14
183. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14
184. 14 13 10 2 6 8 7 9 7 9 9 8 14 3
185. 2 6 8 4 10 14 11 3 12 7 1 9 12 5
186. 13 2 11 4 10 7 1 10 3 6 12 10 14 5
187. 11 7 2 6 4 12 14 3 5 1 8 13 10 9
188. 13 1 11 2 12 10 4 5 6 3 7 8 14 9
189. 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 2 3 14 14
190. 14 14 3 1 5 14 14 14 2 14 14 4 14 14
191. 14 14 6 4 14 3 5 14 2 14 7 14 14 1
192. 10 5 2 4 9 11 3 6 1 7 13 8 14 12
193. 5 14 1 14 4 2 6 14 3 8 14 7 14 14
194. 14 1 9 2 8 10 4 12 6 3 7 5 13 11
195. 14 2 14 3 14 8 14 4 14 14 1 8 14 14
196. 5 2 5 5 6 4 1 6 4 3 4 3 6 6
197. 12 2 8 3 7 11 1 6 10 5 4 13 9 14
198. 9 2 4 5 8 No opinion 11 7 10 6 3 12 13 1
199. 14 5 14 3 14 14 14 14 14 14 4 14 14 14
200. 3 14 1 4 14 14 14 5 14 14 14 2 14 14
201. 14 14 14 4 14 14 1 14 3 2 14 14 14 14
202. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 2 14 14 14 14 1
203. 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
204. 13 7 2 4 11 8 6 1 3 9 5 12 14 10
205. 11 5 14 10 9 1 4 6 3 8 7 12 13 2
206. 3 6 14 14 14 14 4 1 14 7 14 5 14 2
207. 13 10 12 1 8 3 5 6 9 2 4 11 14 7
208. 10 11 14 1 3 2 7 6 4 5 8 13 12 9
209. 13 8 6 3 7 2 9 12 4 11 5 10 14 1
210. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
211. 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
212. 5 2 6 4 13 7 11 12 1 10 8 9 14 3
213. 10 7 14 1 14 11 8 10 2 6 3 8 14 5
214. 8 6 3 7 5 9 14 4 2 1 10 12 13 11
215. 5 4 13 2 3 8 7 10 9 11 6 12 1 14
216. 14 14 14 14 14 14 1 14 14 14 14 2 14 14
217. 14 14 1 14 14 5 14 3 14 14 14 14 14 14
218. 14 4 14 3 14 14 6 1 14 14 2 7 14 5

Ballots are shown in a randomly generated order.

[Download ballots in CSV format]

The following matrix shows the strength of the strongest beatpath connecting each pair of choices. Choice 1 is ranked above choice 2 if there is a stronger beatpath leading from 1 to 2 than any leading from 2 to 1.

  1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.9.10.11.12.13.14.
1. Consumer Law   -109–73 115–73 106–80 118–67 123–61 130–53 117–68 135–47 126–58 135–46 139–40 148–25 162–8
2. Energy Law/Natural Resources Law/Water Law   . -91–85 97–74 101–71 99–72 107–62 101–71 104–62 111–58 108–58 118–48 130–26 141–12
3. Employment Law   . . -89–83 90–82 91–80 94–83 102–74 98–77 95–76 108–68 121–45 121–41 139–20
4. Alternative Dispute Resolution   . . . -87–86 89–85 96–78 97–73 108–63 96–74 104–69 113–57 126–34 143–10
5. Immigration Law   . . . . -99–72 99–72 109–69 94–79 105–69 109–62 115–49 132–32 141–15
6. Family Law   . . . . . -100–77 101–72 92–78 99–68 96–71 103–61 131–31 140–13
7. Insurance Law   . . . . . . -91–87 90–78 99–68 94–80 111–58 127–35 135–18
8. Comparative Law   . . . . . . . -88–80 88–80 91–77 91–77 116–37 128–19
9. Elder Law   . . . . . . . 87–85 -88–79 87–85 95–72 112–43 131–16
10. Wills, Trusts & Estates   . . . . . . . 87–85 87–85 -87–85 97–70 122–34 135–16
11. Education Law   . . . . . . . 84–78 84–78 84–78 -93–69 118–37 132–14
12. Labor Law   . . . . . . . . . . . -109–44 122–24
13. Admiralty/Maritime Law   . . . . . . . . . . . . -77–47
14. Sports Law   . . . . . . . . . . . . . -