Polyglot is a highly extensible compiler front end for the Java programming
language. It is implemented as a Java class framework using design patterns to
promote extensibility. Using Polyglot, language extensions can be implemented
without duplicating code from the framework itself. Polyglot has been used to
implement domain-specific languages, to explore language design ideas, to
simplify Java for pedagogical purposes, and for various code transformations
such as optimization and fault injection.
Polyglot has been used for both major and minor language extensions;
our experience suggests that the cost of implementing
an extension scales well with the degree to which it modifies Java.
Polyglot compiles and runs on (at least) Linux, Solaris,
Windows, and Mac OS X.
Ant and the JFlex scanner generator are required to build it.
On Windows, you will also need Cygwin.
Polyglot supports Java 1.4, Java 5, and Java 7, including features
such as generics and annotations. Support for Java 5 and Java 7 is provided
as Polyglot extensions, but other Polyglot extensions can build on any
version of the language, and can generate any version of Java as output.
Polyglot includes PPG, an extensible LALR parser
generator based on the CUP
LALR parser generator for Java (extended with improved debugging support).
Accrue analysis framework (from Harvard) extends Polyglot with interprocedural,
object-sensitive program analysis.
Some Polyglot-based projects
- Jif – information flow and program transformations for security
- JMatch – abstract iterable pattern matching for Java
- Jx/J& –
nested inheritance for extensible, composable frameworks.
- J0 – a Java
for novice programmers
- Soot – a Java optimization framework (McGill)
the concurrent programming language (IBM)
Jedd – a BDD-based relational
extension of Java (McGill)
abc – an AspectJ compiler (Oxford, McGill)
- JPred – practical predicate dispatch (UCLA)
– seamless lazy evaluation in Java (UCLA)
integrating XML processing into Java (IBM)
J-LO – the Java Logical Observer, for runtime verification (Aachen)
DJ – adding type-safe higher-order code mobility to Java (Imperial)
HydroJ – object-oriented pattern matching for evolvable distributed systems (U Washington)
AtomJava – a novel approach to atomic blocks (U Washington)
Classages – interaction-based programming (Johns Hopkins)
jCilk – a multi-threaded programming language (MIT)
DeepJava – multi-level programming in Java (Victoria University, TU Darmstadt)
SessionJ – session-based distributed programming in Java (Imperial)
Eclipse IDE Meta-tooling Platform (Eclipse, IBM TJ Watson Hawthorne)
JCoBox – generalizing active objects to concurrent cooperative tasks (TU Kaiserslautern)
– 10 June 2014
– 4 June 2014
– 21 Feb 2008
- Previous versions:
– 4 Aug 2006
– 1 May 2006 (fixed broken javacup tarball)
– 6 Jul 2005
– 24 Mar 2005
– 30 Jul 2004
– April 2004
Subscribe to email@example.com to be notified of new releases of Polyglot, to participate in discussions about Polyglot and
to ask and answer questions about Polyglot. The developers do
monitor the list: bug reports are welcome; bug fixes are even more welcome.
To subscribe, send mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
with a subject line of join.
The Polyglot project is currently supervised by:
The current Polyglot developers can be contacted at
polyglot-developers-L@cornell.edu. Please get in touch if you are
interested in contributing to Polyglot.
Many other people have contributed to Polyglot, including but not limited to:
- Owen Arden
- Michael Brukman
- Michael Clarkson
- Matt Harren
- Chinawat Isradisaikul
- Rob Jellinek
- Aleksey Kliger
- Daniel Lee
- Samarth Lad
- Jed Liu
- Todd Millstein
- Xin Qi
- Naveen Sastry
- Dan Spoonhower
- Milan Stanojevic
- Steve Zdancewic
- Lantian Zheng
- Xin Zheng
The development of the Polyglot project has been supported by a
number of funding sources, including DARPA Contract F30602-99-1-0533,
monitored by USAF Rome Laboratory, ONR Grant N00014-01-1-0968, NSF
Grants CNS-0208642, CNS-0430161, and CCF-0133302, an Alfred P. Sloan
Research Fellowship, and an Intel Research Ph.D. Fellowship.