Computer Systems Lab with ECE
The Cornell Computer Systems Laboratory (CSL) brings together faculty members with common interests from the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) and CS at Cornell.
The field of computer systems is both experimental and theoretical, having grown out of computer architecture; parallel computer architecture; operating systems and compilers; computer protocols and networks; programming languages and environments; distributed systems; VLSI design and fabrication; and system specification and verification.
Graduate students are admitted to either ECE or CS. Usually students with primary interest in computer architecture, multiprocessor design, VLSI, computer-aided design (CAD), and circuit design enroll in ECE, while students with interest in compilers, operating systems, and programming environments enroll in CS. There are no rigid student classifications; ECE students can have a thesis advisor in CS and vice-versa. Indeed, the interdisciplinary composition of the research teams is a strength of the Cornell Computer Systems Laboratory.
For further information, see http://www.csl.cornell.edu.
Digital Libraries and the National Science
Digital Library (NSDL)
For ten years, Cornell’s digital libraries research group has carried out research into architectures, protocols, services, and policies that facilitate the creation, management, accessibility, and longevity of distributed information. In particular, the group has had a focus on interoperability—the challenge of building coherent services from many heterogeneous, independently managed digital libraries. Recent achievements include the Open Archive Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI–PMH), which enables technically inexperienced groups to share information, and the FEDORA mechanisms for the storage, manipulation, access management, and dissemination of digital library content, when the parties are more sophisticated technically.
These problems go far beyond conventional computer science research and, through the new Information Science program, the group works closely with colleagues who have expertise in human–computer interaction, electronic publishing, information preservation, evaluation, and software engineering.
The NSDL is a long-term program of the National Science Foundation (NSF) to build a digital library of all digital resources that could benefit education in the sciences. The NSF has funded almost one hundred independent projects, with one central project to integrate them into a single library. Following a successful demonstration at Cornell, the central grant has been awarded to a collaboration between the University Center for Atmospheric Research, Columbia University, and Cornell, with Cornell taking the technical lead.
The NSDL is simultaneously a production library, a testbed for digital-libraries research, and a source of newresearch challenges. For example, Donna Bergmark received the Vannevar Bush award for a paper describing her research into methods for automatic selection of materials for the NSDL, combining selective Web crawling with methods from classical information retrieval.
For further information, see http://www.nsdl.org/.
The Information Assurance Institute
The U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL)/Cornell Information Assurance Institute (IAI) supports a broad spectrum of research and education efforts aimed at developing a science-and-technology base that can enhance information assurance and networked information–systems trustworthiness—system and network security, reliability, and assurance. IAI is also intended to foster closer collaborations among Cornell and AFRL researchers. Fred B. Schneider is the director.
AFRL researchers participate in Cornell research projects, facilitating technology transfer and exposing Cornell researchers to problems facing the Air Force; Cornell researchers become involved in AFRL projects and have access to unique AFRL facilities. The institute thus makes both Cornell and AFRL more attractive places to work, facilitating recruitment of higher-caliber personnel at each site.
Under the auspices of IAI, Cornell researchers are now involved in the development of the Air Force’s Joint Battlespace Infosphere (JBI). Various other technical collaborations are also being explored—in the use of “gossip protocols”, in language-based security policy– enforcement technology, and in data mining from networks of sensors.
For further information, see http://www.cis.cornell.edu/iai.
The Intelligent Information Systems Institute
The mission of the IISI, founded in December of 2000, is threefold: To perform and stimulate research in compute- and data-intensive methods for intelligent decision-making systems; to foster collaborations within the scientific community; and to play a leadership role in the research and dissemination of the core areas of the institute. The institute is funded by AFRL/U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR). Carla Gomes is the director of the institute. The Scientific Advisory Board of the institute consists of Robert Constable (Cornell), Nort Fowler and Charles Messenger (Information Directorate of the AFRL [AFRL/IF]), and Neal Glassman and Juan Vasquez (AFRL/AFOSR).
The IISI supports basic research within CIS, promoting a cross-fertilization of approaches from different disciplines, including computer science, engineering, operations research, economics, mathematics, statistics, and physics. Areas of research within the IISI are: search and complexity, planning and scheduling, large-scale distributed networks, data mining and information retrieval, reasoning under uncertainty, natural-language processing, machine learning, multi-agent systems, and combinatorial auctions.
Current IISI members at Cornell are Raffaello D’Andrea (dynamics and control), Claire Cardie (natural-language understanding and machine learning), Rich Caruana (machine learning, data mining, and bioinformatics), Carmel Domshlak (modeling and reasoning about preferences and uncertainty, combinatorial search and optimization, AI applications), Johannes Gehrke (database systems and data mining), Carla Gomes (artificial intelligence and operations research), Joseph Halpern (knowledge representation and uncertainty), Juris Hartmanis (theory of computational complexity), Mark Heinrich (active memory and simulation methodology), John Hopcroft (information capture and access), Thorsten Joachims (machine learning and information retrieval), Jon Kleinberg (algorithm design—networks and information), Lillian Lee (statistical methods for natural-language processing), Bart Selman (knowledge representation, complexity, and multi-agent systems), Phoebe Sengers (intelligent systems in human and social content; human computer interaction), David Shmoys (algorithms for large-scale discrete optimization), Chris Shoemaker (large-scale optimization and modeling), Evan Speight (distributed computing and computer architectures), Steve Strogatz (complex networks in natural and social science), and Stephen Wicker (intelligent wireless-information networks).
Several research projects that involve direct collaborations between Cornell and AFRL/IF researchers were initiated through the IISI. These cover topics such as probabilistic decision-making, architectures for active memory systems, multi-agent sensor networks, and visualization of reasoning and search methods.
The IISI also hosted a hands-on workshop on foundations and complexity of multi-agent systems. As one of the outcomes of the workshop, a team of researchers from Cornell, Stanford, and the University of Washington is developing a tunable benchmark suite for the design and evaluation of new algorithms for combinatorial auctions. The IISI also sponsored the American Association for Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) Symposium on Uncertainty Within Computation; the 2001 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP 2001);Language Technologies 2001; North American Association for Computational Linguistics (NAACL 2001); School on Statistical Physics, Probability Theory, and Computational Complexity (2002); Workshop on Phase Transition and Algorithmic Complexity at the Institute of Pure and Applied Mathematics (2002); the International Workshop on Integration of AI and OR Techniques in Constraint Programming for Combinatorial Optimization Problems (CP-AI-OR 2002–03); the International Conference on the Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2002–03); the Sixth International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Texting (SAT 2003); and the Eighteenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-03).
To further its research mission, the IISI hosts many short-term visitors, and several scientists who make medium- and long-term visits. Visitors have included researchers from AFRL/IF, AT&T Labs, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, ILOG Corp., Microsoft Research, Stanford University, Technion, University of Barcelona, University of Lisbon, University of Minnesota, Washington University– St. Louis, University of Washington, and York University.
For further information, see http://www.cis.cornell.edu/iisi.